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Land and Water


Source: Vermont Department of Taxes

Under Vermont‘s Use Value Appraisal (UVA) Program (“Current Use”) eligible private lands employed for forestry or agriculture are appraised based on the value of wood or food production, rather than development value. Between 2014 and 2015 the number of agricultural acres in the program went down, while forested acreage went up.


Source: Vermont Department of Taxes

Under Vermont‘s Use Value Appraisal (UVA) Program “Current Use” eligible private lands for forestry or agriculture are appraised based on value of wood or food production, rather than development value. Since 2005, the overall value has nearly doubled.


Source: VT Section American Society of Civil Engineers 2014 Report Card

Funding to update or expand Vermont’s 91 municipal watsewater treatment plant (WWTP) facilities comes from a mix of municipal, state and federal sources dedicated to water pollution reduction demands. Dozens of additional private WWTPs serve industrial activities. In its 2013 report the American Society of Civil Engineers (ACSE) gave VT’s wastewater a grade “D” and estimated the state needs $18 million annually for WWTP maintenance alone, with additional investment needed for sewers, system upgrades and other costs. Vermont’s Regional Planning Commissions are assessing existing WWTP capacity in villages and downtowns to evaluate Vermont’s ability to serve existing businesses and residents in the future, and to support additional development.


Source: USDA

Vermont has over 7,300 farming operations spanning over 1,250,000 acres. Dairy is the state’s lead commodity, and milk production was over $504 million in 2017 – representing over half of the overall value of agricultural product sales. The value of milk production has been falling however, down from $680 million in 2014.